The image of the fierce Viking conqueror has come at us through many centuries. Indeed, the tribes inhabiting Scandinavia in the 8th and 11th centuries waged constant intestine wars with each other and often went to other lands for the purpose of plundering. However, this does not mean that these peoples did not leave behind a cultural heritage. On the contrary, religion, culture and the ancient Vikings art are the most important assets in the life of all mankind.
A great deal of life of these Scandinavian peoples is still a mystery, however, what scientists have been able to establish in archaeological excavations suggests that Norse Viking art was rich and multifarious enough.
- processing and wood and bone engraving;
- blacksmith craft;
- manufacturing of jewelry items;
- making clothes.
Ancient Nordic artwork and Viking weapon jewelry
All the objects of everyday life and furniture, the Viking artwork design decorated with the meshes of patterns, owing to which, these items looked original and incredibly beautiful. It is impossible not to note in so doing the smithery of different weapons.
Blacksmiths of the Vikings were famous for their virtuosic skills because the weapons that came out from under their hammers were particularly effective in combat and (very importantly) greatly beautiful. The handles of swords, shields – all this was covered with ornaments and patterns in various artistic Viking art style.
There is a stereotype that the soldiers of this northern people are often depicted with an unreasonably large axe or pole-axe in their hands. In fact, the most common weapons for these peoples were swords and spears. The axes, of course, were often used, but their dimensions were quite ordinary.
Ancient Norse art
Special attention should be paid to the jeweller’s art of the Norwegians, which reflected the world outlook and religion of the other peoples. Scandinavian women and men wore jewelry sportingly because jewelry items and Viking’s weapons are one way of worshiping their numerous ancient Norse artwork.
Secret symbols on shields, swords, and different types of adornments served as reliable amulets and talismans. At the same time, skillful craftsmen applied so much resourcefulness and diligence that any suspension or ring of that time can be even nowadays called with certainty as an ancient Vikings artwork.
Jewelers produced a large number of all kinds of adornments that spread far beyond these lands and were highly valued by foreign merchants. Among the ancient Scandinavian artwork can be named:
One of the main occupations of women was the production of fabrics. Moreover, the material was manufactured not only for own use but also for export to England. Vikings used different techniques for fabric production, including contexture on the fabric machines.
The finished material was abundantly decorated, and therefore, could as well go traditional Norse art. Clothes and textile household items were decorated with embroidering made of imported silk, woolen strips or silver threads.
Monuments of art of the Viking warriors
Among the most distinguished monuments of that era can be named the Viking runes artwork, and reliefs found on the island of Man, in Sweden and Gotland. They are large blocks that reach a height of 3-4 m and are made in the form of “mushrooms”.
There are images on these blocks that are put in the peculiar panels created from strips of ornaments. According to scientists, the stories of this Norse art viking age talk about mythical characters, as well as religious rituals, many heroic legends and other significant moments in the mythology and history of the Vikings.
Viking styles of art
In the early era of art, the Viking age art styles is distinguished by the same elements of the animal style hat was observed in the Scythians. However, in the course of time, an exfoliation occurs which leads to many different substrates. This conclusion was made by historians, studying Norse Viking artwork in the territory of Sweden, Denmark, and Norway.
On the whole, there are many such styles in the old Norse art, while each of them remained ingrained in certain items of that era.