Scandinavian symbols are actively used in the modern culture of many peoples. Especially the major part of it has found its representation in the Viking jewelry. Surely, many of us do not even assume that this or that popular pattern or symbol was borrowed from the Scandinavian culture of the Middle Ages. However, despite its popularity, the symbolism of these peoples is considered as one of the most unexplored and mysterious.
Scandinavian symbolism can rightly be called Viking symbolism. And it’s not because the Vikings were the main representatives of the peoples of medieval Scandinavia. In fact, it’s thanks to these people (their constant wars and travels) the Viking jewelry became known to other nations, moreover, they were actively used in other countries.
All elements related to this era, one way or another, are associated with religion. Symbols were applied to weapons, they were used in jewelry with rune (at that time silver rings with runes, pendants, bracelets were worn as amulets and an indicator of strength and fortitude).
This symbol is represented in the form of three entwined triangles. In this case, there are several options for interpretation this ancient jewelry. According to one of them, it is believed that this element is a special symbol of the unity of the 9 worlds of the Tree of Iggrdassil (by the number of all angles of the triangles). All of them are under the control of the mighty Odin. That`s why nowadays it is popular to buy the Viking jewelry.
Triple Valknut can be explained somewhat differently. According to the etymology, this symbol is called the Knot of the Fallen Warriors. The will of the three Norns knows and resolves the fate of all those who perished in the Scandinavian religion, among Norns are Urd (destiny that leads to the realm of the dead), Skuld (future) and Verdandi (present).
This name has Icelandic roots, and is literally translated as “The Helmet of Horror”. The meaning of this symbol can be called as quite specific but not studied till its very end. Point is that it’s based on runic and similar to runic signs. In so doing, scientists do not have archaeological and documentary sources for correct interpretation of Aegishjalmur.
If be guided by “Elder Edda”, the poem “Speech of Fafnir” (here for the first time the word “Aegishjalmur” is mentioned), one can come to the conclusion that the dragon Fafnir constantly wore a “helmet of horror” and always felt himself stronger than the others. This indicates that the “Helmet of Horror” is a bellicose symbol that frightens and weakens the opponent. In some sources, you can find another definition – “Cross of Invincibility.” Such jewelry were represented by Helmet rings.
The symbol named Vegvisir in Scandinavian mythology pass for an asymmetrical Helm of Horror. It is represented by the 8-ray cross. According to the etymology of the word, Vegvisir can be called the “Pointer of the Way.” Thus, this symbol is used as a rune compass actually in men`s Viking jewelry. If you believe the legends, then who carries this sign with him, will never get off the track, even if the right road is not known right now.
It is for this reason that Vegvisir was often used in the process of creation men`s bracelets in the Viking style.
The symbol Yggdrasil (“Tree of Life”) in Germanic-Scandinavian mythology is presented by a giant ash tree or yew. This tree, in fact, is the universe. All worlds are located on this tree on the different levels: some of them are on the crown, others are on the trunk, and some are in the roots. In other words, the concept of the universe of the Vikings goes beyond our judgments about the three-dimensionality of space. You can see the elements of the Tree of Life in the numerous Viking woman jewelry.