Scandinavian Supreme God Odin
Odin symbolizes the divine origin and the superconscious, higher Self, the spirit and the mind’s cognitive ability. Scandinavian God is the guide in various realms of consciousness, gives rise to the ability of the person to the exploration of the unconscious, opens the dark side of the human personality and helps to establish contact with the Higher Plans.
Odin has many names:
- Wodanaz – among primitive Germanic tribes;
- Wodan – in the territory of the Netherlands;
- Woden – in England;
- Odin – in Scandinavia;
- Wotan – in Germany.
- Odin (‘the Warrior’) is the Supreme God in Scandinavian and Germanic mythology, grandson of Búri, son of Borr and Bestla.
The cult of Odin was at the peak of popularity among the Vikings in the VIII and IX centuries. Sailors and Pirates of the North worshiped Perun, who loved the battles, and devoutly believed that in Valhalla – covered with sterling silver Adobe of Odin, this one-eyed God gathers the forces of the Einherjar – soldiers who died with Valor on the battlefield.
Realization of Odin as the Supreme God is associated not only with the strengthening of military squads and increasing the share of the deity, the patron saint of military squads (there was even an attempt to consider the Supreme God as the God ‘aristocratic”-as opposed to peasant God Thor), but also with the splitting of the original vision of the afterlife and transferring to heaven the Kingdom of the dead for the elite-the fallen warriors, not concerning the fear of life.
As the owner of Valhalla, the ‘military paradise”, Odin turns out to be the most important celestial deity, pushing aside Týr and Thor in the function of the gods of war. The process of formation of Odin as the Supreme God, apparently culminated in Scandinavia. Odin left clear traces in toponomics (names of mountains, rivers, etc.). Although, according to modern interpretations of stone pictures of the bronze age, that times there was no clear equivalent of Odin.
Odin has several Totem animals: the Raven, the Wolf, the Horse, the Eagle and the Snake. Two wolves, Geri and Freki, accompany Odin everywhere: they are often portrayed near the throne.
Two Ravens (Huginn and Muninn) are also always nearby. These wise birds symbolize the mind and the memory. Odin knew everything that was happening in the nine worlds due to brothers-ravens: after having flied across the worlds, birds came back and sat down on the shoulders of Odin, whispering about everything they had learned. (Heinrich, 1994).
Odin`s Horse – Slejpnir, with eight legs, is a guide through time and space: Odin travels through all the worlds riding Sleipnir:
‘. …Wearing gold armours
and helmet gleaming,
he gallops on the horse-
Slejpnir swift-footed ‘. (Matthew Arnold: The Death Of Baldr)
Odin is associated with the following Runic signs: Ansuz, Gebo, Wunjo, Eihwaz, Otila, Dagaz.
Magic weapon of the supreme God:
The Staff. Odin`s Runestaff is a wooden walking stick with a stone of black amber at the end, it depicts the runes.
The Spear. The Spear of Odin – Gungnir. According to the legend it always touches the spot. With this spear Odin started the world’s first war.
The Ring. Odin`s Ring – Draupnir is a symbol of fertility, each ninth night it creates eight copies of itself.
Sometimes Odin used the magic bow, out of which he released ten arrows at a time, and each arrow hit one enemy. It is believed that the Supreme God inspired his warriors by famous ‘fury of berserk’, that let the soldiers to rush into the battle and to commit unthinkable deeds being stripped, unarmed and wounded. Their fury was like the fury of the wolves, strength like the strength of the bear, and neither the fire nor iron did not cause them harm.
Three hypostasis and three stages of initiation of Odin
The Supreme God had three hypostases – warrior, shaman and wanderer. These hypostases were expressed by the runes Ansuz, Wunjo and Otila.
Three stages of initiation of Odin:
-At the first stage Odin is playing the role of a warrior-winner, – that is how he is described in Snorri Sturluson`s “Heimskringla” and in “Younger Edda”.
After the approval of the world order, Gull′vejg came, which resulted in a war between the æsir and Vanir. Odin made the decision to burn Gull′vejg, this decision had the severe consequences. Since Gull′vejg represents an aspect of the goddess, she is often associated with Frejra, almost indistinguishable in the oldest ancient sources from Frigg. Odin`s deed can be interpreted as pushing out the dominant positions of the feminine and the onset of patriarchy.
Despite the fact that Gull′vejg is a negative side of the goddess, her triple burning resulted in the birth of Norns. That was the beginning of a chain of irreversible events. At this stage Odin had not yet attained omniscience-it was given to him only after he offered himself as a sacrifice on the tree of Yggdrasil, becoming a shaman. After that, as in most shamanic traditions, he accepts magical injury, sacrificing his eye for the right to drink from the well of Mimir. Then Odin gains the knowledge of runes. He gave his eye to get the knowledge of past, present and future.
It is interesting to notice what eye Odin gave to Mimir. There is no answer in “Edda”. Modern authors claim that it was the left eye, but we can argue with them. Most likely, it was the right eye. Does the sacrifice of the left eye go with modern occult teachings? Those who first preferred the views that it was the left eye, probably were influenced by the Christian dogmas: Christian prejudices motivate to consider the left side to be ‘evil’ and ‘devilish’. In many European countries until recently left-handed children were relearned to write with right hand.
From the viewpoint of modern occultism, it becomes clear why Christians consider the left side to be the symbol of evil. The left hemisphere is responsible for analytical skills, and the right is responsible for intuition. Nevertheless, the left hemisphere controls the right side of the body, and right hemisphere controls the left. Developing this idea, we can reasonably conclude: if Odin were to sacrifice the eye and the corresponding ability (the choice between analytical and intuitive abilities), he would perhaps have chosen his right eye in order to gain better intuition.
According to another version, Odin had two eyes: with one eye he looked at the world of human, so people could see this eye, and with the other he looked at the divine world, so people couldn`t see it.
After the symbolic death on the world tree, Odin acquired the function of the leader of the Wild Hunt and the guide of the souls of dead. It was this sacrifice, which gave him the ability to travel between the worlds of life and death.
-After his sacrifice, Odin becomes a “crippled healer” – this is the second phase of his initiation. The most important of all spells, in which Odin acts as a healer, is the second spell from Merseberg. In this spell Wotan appears primarily as the healer of animals.
-The third stage – becoming the wanderer. After gaining omniscience, he began to realize that he still could not change Orlog (Fate, the mediators of which were the three Norns). Then he rejects his power and becomes the traveler and the teacher. Realizing that he would not persist Ragnarök, he decides to take care of others. He helps people to endure the transformation of consciousness.
Nowadays, Odin`s main function is magical. Odin is Magian, teaching his people an occult knowledge, and guiding them through Ragnarök. In other words, he plays the role of a wise mentor, leading his people to a new level of evolution. He is the leader of the mysteries of initiation.
Odin`s signs-Triskelion and Walknut
Walknut is a magical symbol, the interweaving of three triangles. Walknut is a symbol of Odin and of magic associated with the Supreme God, a symbol of bridge between the worlds. This sign has a huge magic power, but it is used seldom, because Walknut is considered to be the sacrifice to Odin. It is also supposed that the owner of the Walknut is Èjnhiriem. Probably, on the Holland stone Walknut is depicted in the scene of sacrifice.
Walknut is also a symbol of the unity of the three in one, and the unity of the Nine.
The three triangles with three peaks symbolize the nine worlds of
the tree of Yggdrasil, nine sides of the human psyche, nine guises of Odin (Thorsson, ‘Rune doctrine’). Nine is the number of cycles, revival and destruction, a symbol of the beginning and the end. Nine months is the period from the start of spring-the origin of life, till the start of winter – the death. Nine months is the period the mother carries the baby.
Three triangles of Walknut mean three vertical worlds:
- one is Asgardu or Al′fhejm (upper world),
- another-Midgard (middle world),
- the third is Hel or Svartal′fhejm (Underworld).
Walknut symbolizes not just the unity of the nine separate existing worlds: interlocking figures mean you can jump from one world to another, the metamorphosis of body, soul and spirit from one state to another.
The first triangle can be associated with the bridges between Asgard or Al′fhejm and the four horizontal worlds, and the first triangle with the runes that govern these intersections. Similarly, the third triangle is linked with the bridges between Hell or Svartal′fhejm and the four horizontal worlds, and the runes that govern these intersections. The second triangle is related to the bridges between Midgard and four horizontal worlds and the runes that govern these intersections.
Walknut in runic magic
- The runes arranged in circle form the Rune circle. This is the part of the Norse tradition and philosophy.
- The Fehu Rune. Antecedence of all, the release of energy for new beginnings. The Organization of the beginning of the way, using the experience gained in previous cycles.
- The Uruz Rune. The beginning of everything, the potential energy of unorganised life entity.
- The Rune Thurisaz. Clearing the way for further movement. Then the process moves in the Runic circle.
- The Rune Dagaz. Productive accomplishment.
- The Fehu Rune again. Completion of the process of creation. The accumulation of the expirience for the following cycles. Organization of the next cycle.
In the middle of the Runic circle is Walknut. It has the ability to turn. There are eight positions of Walknut, corresponding to the eight combinations of runes. These combinations are the groups of Runic magic.
Each of these combinations includes the rune that manages the transition (the bridge) between Asgard or Al′fhejm and one of the four horizontal worlds; the Rune that controls the bridge between Hel or Svartal′fhejm and the horizontal world; one of the runes that manage the transition between Midgard and accordingly the same horizontal world. Each group of runes in Runic magic is linked with the specific horizontal world.
As a talisman, Walknut allows to open any door, including the door to the hidden knowledge. It is a symbol of capability to improve the quality of thinking, the ease of switching the mind from one topic to another, improving of such qualities as logic, critical attitude towards the situation, common sense.
The person using the Viking amulet with this sign may even question his own beliefs, and is endowed with the gift of wisdom. In the collection of the studio ‘Viking Workshop” you will find Valknut Symbol Pendant and Handcrafted Silver Valknut Ring.
Triskel symbolizes the Trinity, three hypostasis of Odin, the uniting of the three principles: the mind, the soul and the spirit; consciousness, unconscious and superconscious; inspiration, will and sacred knowledge, necessary for magical action.
Triskel is a symbol of ephemerality of life and the endless flow of time. This is one of the most important symbol of the Celts (and not only the Celts), that expresses the triunity of the being. The symbol indicates that the return to the past is impossible, because you can`t enter the same river twice, – you need Change to do it. Triskel is a symbol of the movement of the Sun, that is shown in its main locations-sunrise, zenith and sunset. Triskel is the birth, life and death. It personifies the ‘running time’, the course of history, the rotation of stars.
Triskel is also comparable with the three stages of life: the childhood, the maturity and the old age; and the three natural elements: the air, the earth and the sky.
The Viking talisman Triskel balances the forces of three elements of nature, brings its owner peace of mind and protection, fills him with vital energy. Common symmetry of the sign helps to become self-sufficient and do not depend on the circumstances. You can find Triskelion amulet in the collection of the amulet pendants of the studio ‘Viking Workshop”.
The Ravens of Odin
Some researchers of Norse culture and mythology interpret the images of brothers-ravens of Odin as a transcendental journey of shaman. Others identify the birds with intellectual abilities of the Supreme God.
Raven in mythology is associated with the various elements of the universe – the underworld, the sky, the water and the sun. In Scandinavian mythology the bird is seen as an intermediary between the world of the living and the world of the dead, and as a mediator between wisdom and foolishness, between male and female, between human and animal.
The meaning of the amulet Odin`s Ravens
Raven is an ambiguous, but very powerful symbol. In Scandinavian mythology Raven is the companion of gods and heroes, the character that lead to the victory. The Raven is often the shaman’s companion who travels with him through the worlds.
Some possible properties that can be improved by the Scandinavian pendant – longevity, far-sightedness, wisdom, faithfulness, the gift of the foresight.
According to another view, such amulets help to develop intuition and even to gain psychic abilities. There is a belief, that people, who wear amulets in the form of Raven, are successful in all their activities.
In the collection of the studio ‘Viking-workshop’ you will find a wide range of scandinavian sterling silver jewelry: handmade pendants, rings and chains. Most of the items are the exact reconstruction of unique archeological finds. Please check for the updates of the catalogue!