Before the advent of Christianity into the territory of Russia, the peoples who inhabited these lands were heathens. The pantheon of the Slavic mythical gods is made of the potent, astonishing creatures that our ancestors worshiped and prayed in the ancient centuries. This list of gods can be considered as quite impressive, among the gods, there are representatives of the most powerful class. One of them is the Slavic god Svarog.
Quite often he was called the Supreme Heavenly God and it was not at random because he (in the opinion of the Slavs) controlled the whole course of life in the universe.
The history of the “birth” of Svarog and his accomplishments
According to Slavic mythology, gods and goddesses did not exist everlastingly. At first, silence and absolute emptiness reigned in the universe. However, the birth of the god Rhod commemorated the beginning of the times. It was Rhod who created his first son from the fiery spark and the son was the Almighty Svarog. From the father, Svarog received the directions and knowledge “To create and give birth to this world”. This is what became Svarog’s primary task.
He went to Earth and boiled up the water with the Alatyr stone – this was how the dry land appeared. In the heavenly farriery, Svarog forged a hammer for himself. When he set foot on lifeless land, he hit his mighty hammer upon the stone of Alatyr. The sparks that fell from the hit instantly turned into the first slavic mythological gods. They were all called Svarozhiches (born from Svarog).
A great deal was done by this god for people too: he was present in the world of mortals and taught people to cultivate the earth, quarry ore to forge weapons, honor the ancestors and gods. Svarog’s farriery is a breeding ground that gives all the Slavs warmth and peace. For all these deeds, people respected and loved Svarog, prayed to him and tried to find his favor.
According to Slavic mythology Svarog always operatednot with the help of magic and thoughts, but with his hands – in this connection, he was considered the patron of labor. This divinity could show himself on the earth in the form of an old man with gray long hair. At the same time, Svarog is a strong mighty warrior, who can protect his family (both people and other Slavic mythological gods) if necessary. Both in labor and in battle, he was assisted by a magic hammer, endowed with immense power.
According to some legends, Svarog was the owner of not one, but 4 faces, each of which was directed to a certain side of the world. Such an unusual appearance once again emphasized the power of the divinity.
Slavic heathen Decorations
In order to receive the protection of the gods, the Pagan Slavs always had talismans and amulets with the symbols of this or that god. These symbols were embroidered on clothes, applied to shields and weapons of soldiers, they were used as drawings on ancient Slavic jewelry.
As for jewelry items, they were worn quite often and everywhere. Rings, pendants, bracelets, necklaces – in each item t it was possible to distinguish features of heathen symbols. It should be noted that there were female symbols, male and universal. It was the careful selection of the amulet or talisman that could help to achieve desired goals.
Among the most popular women’s amulets were lunula pendants, Wedding, Ladinets, Rozhanitsa. These amulets were designed to protect women from misfortunes, to help in love affairs and to give fertility. The list of the most powerful male amulets and talismans consisted of Slavic pagan jewelry depicting the symbols of Svarog.
Slavic Heathen adornments of Svarog
Unlike most women’s amulets (Lunula necklace, bracelets, earrings), which also served as decorations, male amulets were much more concise and plainer. They were made, as a rule, of copper and silver. The Slavs believed that it was these items that became the thin strings that bind man and god. Thus, the supreme divinities helped people to hunt, guarded soldiers in the battles, bestowed fortitude, strength, and health.
- The Star of Svarog – is also known under other names: Star of Russia, Svarog’s Square. For the manufacture of Slavic pagan pendants, this symbol was among the most popular. The Star of Russia has a rather complex outline and is an interlacing of four rays (by the number of faces of the divinity) and four sides of the world. However, there is another interpretation. According to it, the rhombus in the center symbolizes the divine anvil, from which four tongues of flame break forth. Here you can also meet the Kolovrat symbol. Especially efficacious, this amulet was for farmers and craftspeople, that is, those who worked with their hands – it provided good luck in their endeavors and good harvests.
- Cross of Svarog (Alatyr). Slavic mythology jewelry with this inscription was also often met. This symbol is an eight-pointed star. The main rays here are only 4 (as well as the faces of the god). However, Svarog was considered not only the god of the visible world but also of the invisible world. For this reason, each ray of the star is divided in two. Such an amulet gives its owner the wisdom and ability to get out of any situation.
- Svarog’s hammer. Slavic pendants with this symbol possessed amazing power (as well as Perun axe necklace with an ax). This amulet was a piece of jewelry made in the form of a hammer with a powerful hammering part and a carved handle. Quite often this suspension was applied over with additional drawings (Alatyr or Star of Russia). This combination made it possible to iteratively strengthen the capacity of the amulet. The hammer was a symbol of the celestial forge, a fire that gave people abundance and warmth and the incredible power of Svarog-the-farrier.
- Kolovrat. It is a solar symbol, which is closely connected with the god of the Slavs Svarog. The rays of the symbol, directed along the movement of the sun, as a result, symbolized harmony and the natural flow of time. Those having Kolovrat as an amulet could count on abundance, purity of thoughts and deeds.
In addition to the great power that Svarog jewelry possessed, they were also phenomenally beautiful. Dainty details of pendants, rings, and earrings created a unique design that is estimated even today – now more people are ready to buy Slavic jewelry.