Since the time of petroglyphs, solar signs have been known. Their significance for the ancestors was enormous, it is enough to recall how respectfully the people spoke about the prince Jasnoje Solnushko. He was exalted, he was seen as a guiding line that was able to bring out from all misfortune the entire Slavic race.
The sun was revered, Slavic people were showing their respect by drawing its symbols on clothes, talismans, household items. The solar symbol accompanied the Slavs everywhere. The famous sign that represented the Sun was the Kolovrat symbol, as well as the fire, the sacred gift, the solstice, etc. They all denoted the Sun, its warmth, and light, personified the whole universe, so they were often used as amulets.
Talismans depicted the symbols of the Earth, water, fire, the Sun, soil, the Slavic mythology gods and goddesses, Zeus, Perun, Svarog, Mary. Perun axe necklace and Lunula Slavic pendants and lunula necklace were also considered as amulets. But the most popular in those days was the Kolovrat pendant.
Features of the amulet
If you look closely at how the amulet looks, you can see a circle, a wheel or a rotating sign with eight rays rotating together with the sun in a certain direction. The word “colo” denotes a circle. The solar talisman symbolizes the constant rotation of the sun, the endless cycle of death and birth, the continuous movement of life, which is given and taken away by the divinities.
The sacred meaning of the sign is hidden in the mystery of the movement of the luminary through the sky, and also the gods of Svarog and Horsa connected with the Sun. In ancient times, it was believed that life was continuing, because of the constant movement and solar rotation. Kolovrat symbol meaning symbolizes the movement of the Sun demonstrating visually how the main revered Slavic mythical gods Perun, Svarog and Dazhbog interact. The symbol has other names: the amulet of Svarog, the mascot of Veles, Leten, Yarilo, Dazhdbog, Horsa. In fact, all these are the names of the revered god of the Sun.
Kolovrat jewelry ( also Kolovrat ring) was not just beautiful trinkets, like all Slavic pagan jewellery, they had a sacred meaning and served as protection for those who wore them – amulets. They contained natural elements: earth, fire, water, air, and seasons of the year. In general, all these elements represented eight rays of the talisman. Amulets with the Kolovrat symbol brought spiritual strength and protection to its owner.
Number of rays of the Kolovrat
The symbolism of the amulet is quite complex because it can accommodate several pairs of rays. It’s not unintentionally. A certain number of rays have its own designation.
- 8 rays denote the strength of the solar flame;
- 4 rays symbolize fire;
- 6 rays give the owner the protection from Perun god.
Clockwise or counterclockwise?
The amulet could have rays directed to a certain side: clockwise means – along with the solar path, counterclockwise – against its path. Depending on what effect the person wanted to get, he chose his own Kolovrat necklace. Necklace with the direction of the rays along with the solar path symbolized the connection with the world of light deities, purity of thoughts and intentions, peace and gave protection and patronage of the Slavic mythological Gods.
If Kolovrat – Slavic symbol had rays directed against the solar path, then it was connected with the underworld. He could help to uncover intuition, foreboding of events, and serve as a defense from witches.
What materials were used in talisman’s manufacture?
In the ancient Slavic culture there were amulets that were to be made of certain materials, but not the Kolovrat.
The Kolovrat necklace to buy could be made of different materials:
- metals and alloys;
It was enough to depict the main symbol of the Kolovrat: the endless cycle of birth life and death in rebirth, in order to obtain protection from divinities. It is worth noting that the Slavic sign was present not only in the Slavic pagan pendants, coulombs, earrings but also was embroidered on clothes, carved on household items, and painted on paper.