We know quite enough about Vikings to get an idea of the life of these people who lived in the early Middle Ages. But scientists still sometimes turn to Scandinavian, Norse mythology to find new information about the life of the northern tribes. By the way, until now it is not known exactly what the word Viking means in translation.
What common nicknames were awarded to the Vikings
The life of the Norse god warriors is inextricably linked to maritime campaigns and bloody battles, where they had no equal. The fearless men and women of the northern territories were known not only in England, Germany and France, whose lands were regularly raided by militant Scandinavians. The glory about these harsh tribes reached also Italy, Spain and even North Africa. Mythical Norse warriors were called in different ways:
- Pagan monsters;
- Ash people;
- Light, dark strangers;
In Russia, they were called Varangians, and in France – Normans (northern people). What, apart from strength and exclusion, helped the legendary Norse warriors to gain their notoriety?
Based on early historical information and new artifacts, one can draw an intermediate conclusion that the Norse warriors won numerous victories thanks to their weapons and tactical actions, and the Vikings fought equally well both on the sea and on land. On the conquered lands, they were creating new settlements afterward. By the way, the Vikings developed cattle breeding, agriculture, handicrafts. Vikings’ weapon necklaces admire even modern jewelers.
Weapons of Scandinavian peoples
Since the dawn of the era of militant Scandinavians and much earlier, the most common weapon was considered to be a spear. However, the weapon Vikings were different, and the arsenal was completely dependent on the estate to which the man belonged. The richer he was the better armor he owned. Yet the bulk of the ferocious warriors were poor Scandinavians, the owners of small plots of land. Commoner’s weapon Viking – an ax or a spear.
Among the Viking’s weapon and armor of noble families considered such things like the long sword, adorned with silver, various patterns and runes. Viking armor consisted mainly of leather jackets. On top, they sewed on bone or iron rings, which were protecting the warriors from the blows of the enemy. Only the wealthy warriors could afford chain armor over the hips with short sleeves. Lamellar armor can also be referred to the Viking armor. The Scandinavians got it subsequent to the barbaric raids in the Middle East.
Varied Viking’s Necklaces
In addition to weapons, a significant role in the culture of the Vikings played a variety of jewelry, Thor’s hammer bracelets, amulets, talismans. Artisans demonstrated their unmatched talent this craft. Even those Vikings who belonged to the lowest social structure, their weapons were also engraved with intricate ornamentation. The Viking’s armor jewelry impresses with its refinement. All of them reflected faith and worship of pagan gods, and also served as amulets.
Fearless Scandinavians always carried this type of jewelry. So, Viking’s warrior necklaces were of different shapes, but all of them were distinguished by beauty, refinement and mastery of manual work. In addition to engraving, artisans applied amulets with mystical signs, for example, runes to strengthen the action of the amulet. Such adornments were mandatory for everyone without exception: men, women and children.
Amulets capable of mystical power
One of the most revered amulets is Thor Jewelry. It was worn for protection from the dark forces and as a sign of respect for the Thor god. But this amulet is not the only one among all famous. A popular adornment for Scandinavians was the Viking’s shield necklace. It also protected the warrior from the stab of the sword and enemy’s arrows, served as a defense against all the supernatural powers. Another famous amulet of those times is an ax. The talisman in the form of the Scandinavian ax also had its mystical power. It was believed that the amulet gives its master additional strength and invulnerability against any enemy.